what was the aftermath of the peloponnesian war?

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Corinth and Thebes wanted Athens destroyed and all their citizens to be slaves, but Sparta rejected that idea. The Peloponnesian War (431 – 404 BC) and its Aftermath Three major wars during the 100 years following the Greco-Persian War: 1 st Peloponnesian War (460s-450s), a series of clashes not really a war. And due to an ill-conceived Spartan foreign policy, Athens was able to recover. This war shifted power from Athens to Sparta, making Sparta the most powerful city-state in the region. Many Greek mercenaries, professional soldiers who had fought in the Peloponnesian War and were unable to settle, joined the expedition, which culminated in 401 in the battle of Cunaxa, in which Cyrus was killed. This page was created in 2005; last modified on 15 October 2020. The fighting engulfed virtually the entire Greek world, and it was properly regarded by The Peloponnesian War, 431-404 B.C., brought an end to the Golden Age of Athens. Start studying Peloponnesian War and Its Aftermath. Aftermath After the Peloponnesian War, the Spartans set up an oligarchy in Athens, which was called the Thirty. After conquering Athens, Lysander ordered the destruction of its walls and forced Athens to enter the Peloponnesian League and then demanded that Athens remove its democratic system in favor of an oligarchy run by Thirty Tyrants. PLAY. Before the Peloponnesian War, the city-states of Greece had worked together to fight off the Persians. Sparta became the leading power of Greece. THE AFTERMATH OF THE PELOPONNESIAN WAR: THE RAID OF SPHODRIAS. It caused the total regional decline and marked the dramatic end to the fifth century BC and the golden age of Greece. The Aftermath of the Peloponnesian War Strife among prominent city-states contending with one another for power continued to plague Greece in the years following the Peloponnesian War. Aftermath of the Peloponnesian War Athens and Sparta, having fought together previously against the Persians, have now come to the point where Sparta thinks Athens and their Delian League have become too powerful. The Corinthian War set Sparta against Corinth, Athens, Thebes, and Argos. Athens and Sparta had fought each other before the outbreak of the Great Peloponnesian War (in what is sometimes called the First Peloponnesian War) but had agreed to a truce, called the Thirty Years’ Treaty, in 445. After the battle of Aegospotami, Sparta took over the Athenian empire and kept all of its tribute revenues for itself; Sparta's allies, who had made greater sacrifices for the war effort than had Sparta, got nothing. Greece itself was transformed by the Peloponnesian War. The Peloponnesian War changed the face of the ancient Greek world. What happened to Athens in the aftermath of the Persian War?-Athens started growing more powerful because it was the most powerful city state in the league. Ten years after the end of the war, a new conflict broke out. ‎The Peloponnesian War took place in the 5th Century BC. It is also about his rather dramatic and horrific aftermath during which six of the eight generals which took part in it were executed after a rather abnormal (although not illegal) “trial”. Thucydides' account of the conflict is widely considered to be a classic and regarded as one of the earliest scholarly works of history. Frank Hoffman argued recently that observers should evaluate Thucydides’s account of the Peloponnesian War with skepticism: “Like any historian,” he explains, “Thucydides had to create a framework for the war and had to select facts, weigh sources, and arrange a narrative. It is also about his rather dramatic and horrific aftermath during which six of the eight generals which took part in it were executed after a … Democracy in Athens was briefly overthrown in 411 BCE as a result of its poor handling of the Peloponnesian War. For Athens, there was a nasty epilogue. This generated fear in the city-states that stood to lose influence and elicited hope in those who stood to gain influence. This is simple. With the defeat of the so-called Athenian Empire, the sphere of political power and all of its subjects and revenues were shifted entirely towards Sparta – … The History of the Peloponnesian War is a historical account of the Peloponnesian War (431-404 BC), which was fought between the Peloponnesian League, led by Sparta, and the Delian League, led by Athens. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Importance of the Peloponnesian War . The Peloponnesian War was fueled by an intense rivalry between the two city states, Sparta and Athens, and was comprised of two smaller wars and one isolated expedition of expansion to Sicily. SURVEY . The History of the Peloponnesian War is a historical account of the Peloponnesian War (431–404 BC), which was fought between the Peloponnesian League, led by Sparta, and the Delian League, led by Athens. New York: The Free Press, 1996 (hardcover, ISBN 0-684-82815-4); 1998 (paperback, ISBN 0-684-82790-5). The only victor in the Peloponnesian War was the great king. And due to an ill-conceived Spartan foreign policy, Athens was able to recover. Jetzt online bestellen! This war consisted of a series of conflicts and minor wars, such as the Second Sacred War. The Peloponnesian War And The Athenian War 1354 Words | 6 Pages. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Melos surrendered in the winter, and the Athenians executed their men and enslaved their women and children. This was a long drawn out war between Athens and Sparta and their respective allies. The Peloponnesian War was between the Greek cities of Athens and Sparta due to the growing tensions that continued to grow between the two cities that eventually came to a breaking point. This first peace was broken, of course, with Sparta's refusal to attend the Congress called for by Pericles, followed by the revolt of Boeotia. Aftermath: A plague struck Athens killing 1/3 of its citizens. STUDY. The Peloponnesian War provided a dramatic end to the 5 th century BCE, shattering religious and cultural taboos, devastating vast swathes of countryside, and destroying whole cities. Pericles died unexpectedly. At the end of 404, the democrats suddenly seized Piraeus, which was easy: after all, the Long Walls had been destroyed. The costly war wasn’t just costly for Athens and Sparta – all of Greece bore the cost, bringing poverty across all the city-states. Tessa Leesen. Sparta emerged from this conflict as victors, and in the aftermath of the Peloponnesian war, the Spartans created the first empire in their history. The Peloponnesian War reshaped the Ancient Greek world. 24 In the aftermath of the Peace of Nicias, the Spartans effectively regained the ground which they needed to ultimately decide the outcome of the Peloponnesian War in their favor. All content copyright © 1995–2020 Livius.org. This war was not a success for the victor or the loser. It was written by Thucydides, an Athenian historian who also happened to serve as an Athenian general during the war. But they began to cede that assumed leadership early. Module 5 surveys the period between the end of the Persian Wars and the outbreak of the Peloponnesian War, which came to be known as Athens’ “Golden Age.” After the Persian Wars, there grew an alliance of Greek states that was meant to maintain security. Persia joined Sparta and with the rebellion that had formed in Athens, was able to get the upper hand against Athens and their naval resources, squelching them and finding victory when Athens surrendered the next year. It was short-lived, and democracy was restored. The Landmark Thucydides: A Comprehensive Guide to the Peloponnesian War, edited by Robert B. Strassler. The Complete History of the Peloponnesian War and Its Aftermath book. The Peloponnesian War was the end of the golden age of Greece. I recommend these books to anyone interested in ancient Greece, or military/political history. The Spartan officer Clearchus, probably acting with tacit approval of his government, supported Cyrus when he revolted. The war featured two periods of combat separated by a six-year truce. After the Peloponnesian War, the Spartans set up an oligarchy in Athens, which was called the Thirty. In the Aftermath of the Peloponnesian War The aftermath of this war was largely controversial for most of Sparta’s allies. It owed much to prince Cyrus the Younger, who needed help when his father Darius II Nothus died in April 404 (at about the time of the capitulation of Athens) and was succeeded by Artaxerxes II Mnemon. Thirty Tyrants were installed as pro-Spartan rulers of Athens following the aftermath of the war. Home » Articles » Concepts » Peloponnesian War » Aftermath, About Pictures Sources Countries Languages Categories Tags Thanks FAQ Donate Contact Articles Stubs. Sparta develops the Peloponnesian League and begins what is known as the Peloponnesian War (431-404 BC.). In the Aftermath of the Peloponnesian War . ... Peloponnesian War, Athens vs. Sparta. Thucydides' account of the conflict is widely considered to be a classic and regarded as one of the earliest scholarly works of history. The Complete History of the Peloponnesian War and Its Aftermath book. The Struggle for Dominance after the Peloponnesian War In the fifty years after the Peloponnesian War, Sparta, Thebes, and Athens fought to win a dominant position of international power in the Greek world. The Aftermath Of The Peloponnesian War - Displaying top 8 worksheets found for this concept.. Read reviews from world’s largest community for readers. Let's begin with why the war broke out. Peloponnesian War, (431–404 bce), war fought between the two leading city-states in ancient Greece, Athens and Sparta. The Peloponnesian War, which can be divided into three phases known as: The Archidamian War… The moderate Theramenes was executed. Socrates had devoted his life to combating the idea that justice should be equated with the power to work one’s will over others. Fought between the allies of Sparta and the empire of Athens, the crippling Peloponnesian War paved the way for the Macedonian takeover of Greece by Philip II of Macedon and, following that, Alexander the Great's empire. They were also ordered to tear down the walls around the city. In preparation for this seminar, you will have to read the following source material and literature and hand in the assignment below by uploading it through Blackboard before Monday 3 November 2014, 10 AM. Heimlieferung oder in Filiale: The Complete History of the Peloponnesian War and Its Aftermath The History of the Peloponnesian War & Hellenica von Thucydides, Xenophon | Orell Füssli: Der Buchhändler Ihres Vertrauens The most infamous episode in Athenian history in the aftermath of the Peloponnesian War consisted of the trial, conviction, and execution of Socrates (469–399 B.C. Sparta develops the Peloponnesian League and begins what is known as the Peloponnesian War (431-404 BC.) The first volume suffers from a lack of maps, which the other books rectify, and I thought that more information at the end on the aftermath of the Peloponnesian War was needed. Print your assignment as well as the source material and bring it to class! The Greeks had combined under Sparta and Athens' leadership to defeat the Persians, then the most powerful empire in Asia. Now, the Persians started to support Athens, which rebuilt its Long walls (395). However, this would not last long. 431 BC- 404 BC Causes Many Greek cities resented Athens’ domination of the Delian League Some revolted against Athens Sparta and Athens were long time rivals Sparta led the Peloponnesian League to oppose the Delian League Athens strategy Naval power Surround Sparta by sea Prevent food and supplies from reaching Peloponnesian League Sparta Strategy Sparta had a strong army Surround … That was a complete disaster with the entire force dying in the attempt in 413 BC. The Peloponnesian War was a war fought in ancient Greece between Athens and Sparta—the two most powerful city-states in ancient Greece at the time (431 to 405 B.C.E.). King Agesilaus invaded the empire, and had considerable success. It was then followed by brief Spartan hegemony. The losses of population, the ravages of the plague, and the financial difficulties brought on by the war caused severe hardships for Athens. Learning Objectives. The Peloponnesian War ended in victory for Sparta and its allies, but signaled the demise of Athenian naval and political hegemony throughout the Mediterranean. Cultural and ethnic differences were driving the Greek world apart. Donald Kagan, The Peloponnesian War. Athens and Sparta, having fought together previously against the Persians, have now come to the point where Sparta thinks Athens and their Delian League have become too powerful. Next year, Conon, an Athenian admiral who had fallen into disfavor after the battle at the Aigospotamoi, returned with a large fleet. It … The war was fought between the Peloponnesian League, an alliance of Greek cities led by Sparta, and the Delian League, an alliance led by Athens.Athens had the superior navy and controlled nearly all the islands in the Aegean Sea. Please check the FAQ page before posting a question. The Peloponnesian War reshaped the ancient Greek world, made a significant power shift in ancient Greece, favoring Sparta. Worse, the Thirty alienated Sparta's friends. Athens, the once superpower, was taken down and was no longer a powerhouse. Or so it seemed. The motivation for the war had shifted, becoming a war of conquest by Athens. The Aftermath of the Peloponnesian War Strife among prominent city-states contending with one another for power continued to plague Greece in the years following the Peloponnesian War. The Peloponnesian War lasted from 431 to 404 BC. Athens, the strongest city-state in Greece before the war started, was reduced to a state of near-complete subjection. The Aftermath Of The Peloponnesian War - Displaying top 8 worksheets found for this concept.. There were several causes for the war including the building of the Athenian long … Key Points. Athens and Sparta in Savage Conflict, 431-404 BC (2003) is an excellent and accessible narrative. Sparta did not long enjoy its victory. The overall effect of the war in Greece proper was to replace the Athenian Empire with a Spartan empire. The aftermath of this war was largely controversial for most of Sparta’s allies. Both sides had sought out allies outside of Greece, with the Spartans ultimately allying with the Persians – formerly their hated enemies – in the final stages of the war. The Thirty sent an army, but failed to achieve anything. Sparta was established as the leader. The Aftermath of the Peloponnesian War Strife among prominent city-states contending with one another for power continued to plague Greece in the years following the Peloponnesian War. The cities of Ionia were also liberated from Persian control. Aftermath. Excerpt out of 4 pages Details. Q. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Key Takeaways. Athens had fully recovered. Which famous Greek historian and soldier wrote Anabasis and Hellenica, concerning the aftermath of the Peloponnesian War? In 401 B.C., the Persian satrap Cyrus, son of a previous king, hired a mercenary army to try to unseat Artaxerxes II 3 , who had ascended to the Persian throne in 404. Start studying Redo for Peloponnesian War and Its Aftermath. However, fighting flared up again in the Peloponnese and the treaty became useless. Melos was the only significant island in the Aegean Sea that Athens did not control. From the same author: The Outbreak of the Peloponnesian War (1969), The Archidamian War (1974), The Peace of Nicias and the Sicilian Expedition (1981), Start studying Peloponnesian War, Athens vs. Sparta. The Peloponnesian War (431–404 BC) was fought for nearly a half-century between Athens and Sparta, ancient Greece’s leading city-states. The final phase has two common names – the Decelean War or the Ionian War. The losses of population, the ravages of the plague, and the financial difficulties brought on by the war caused severe hardships for Athens. If you want to read only one book, this is your best choice. The fall of the Athenian army in Sicily during the Peloponnesian War in 413 BC as depicted in an 1893 illustration by J.G.Vogt. Read reviews from world’s largest community for readers. Civil war became common across the city-states post-war. The losses of population, the ravages of the plague1, and the financial difficulties2 brought on by the war caused severe hardships for Athens. An even closer association with Sparta seemed the best way to remain in power, and Critias, whose loyalty to Sparta was not in doubt, became more influential. He is also famous for his expedition with Cyrus the Younger, and his march out of Persia, with his Ten Thousand, a group of mercenary soldiers, to the Black Sea. With the defeat of the so-called Athenian Empire, the sphere of political power and all of its subjects and revenues were shifted entirely towards Sparta – while her allies got nothing. Lecture 18 - The Peloponnesian War, Part I (cont.) ), the most famous philosopher of the fifth century B.C. During this time, neighboring Macedonia grew in military strength and would go on to conquer the majority of the Greece peninsula. All rights reserved. It convulsed Greece and changed the course of the Classical world. Tensions within the Greek world remained and the Spartans were eventually removed as the Greek hegemon. The regime of the Thirty was (text) even more oligarchic than the Four Hundred had been and was never popular, as even the Spartans recognized. One of the most important wars in the Ancient World was the Peloponnesian War (431-404 BCE). Athens after the Peloponnesian War (Routledge Revivals) DOI link for Athens after the Peloponnesian War (Routledge Revivals) Class, Faction and Policy 403-386 B.C. Each stood at the head of alliances that, between them, included nearly every Greek city-state. The allies asked the Athenians to lead the confederation, called the Delian League. Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. In this lecture, Professor Kagan describes the aftermath of the Thirty Years Peace. The Peloponnesian War and Its Aftermath. Sparta was busy dealing with the aftermath of an earthquake and a helot revolt. These criticisms however do not distract from my admiration of a monumental effort. The Peloponnesian War (431-404 BCE) was fought between Athens and its empire, known as the Delian League, and the Peloponnesian League, led by Sparta. He argues that the Peace had the potential to keep peace between Athens and Sparta due to the arbitration clause. This was in response to Sparta attacking Attica over and over. The first phase ended with the Peace of Nicias being signed in 412 BC. In the following years their respective blocs observed an uneasy peace. 460 BC - 445 BC Build-up: Prior to the Greco-Persian Wars, the hegemony of Sparta over the Greek mainland was largely uncontested. The Aftermath of the Peloponnesian War lingered for decades afterwards. Heimlieferung oder in Filiale: The Complete History of the Peloponnesian War and Its Aftermath The History of the Peloponnesian War & Hellenica von Thucydides, Xenophon | Orell Füssli: Der Buchhändler Ihres Vertrauens Athens army refused to face Sparta. In book: A Companion to the Classical Greek World (pp.526 - 543) Authors: Karl‐Wilhelm Welwei. This was the largest naval encounter of the whole Peloponnesian war (to use the accepted term) and the last Athenian victory. The democrats and oligarchs continued a civil war, which lasted until September 403, when the Spartan king Pausanias intervened and restored democracy (text). December 2007; DOI: 10.1002/9780470996799.ch25. The History of the Peloponnesian War is a historical account of the Peloponnesian War, which was fought between the Peloponnesian League (led by Sparta) and the Delian League (led by Athens). The Melians refused, so the Athenians laid siege to their city. First Peloponnesian War. After this, the Spartans interfered even more in the Persian zone of influence. Weakened by civil strife, they fell under the rule of Macedonia. Key Points The Peloponnesian War ended in victory for Sparta and its allies, but signaled the demise of Athenian naval and political hegemony throughout the Mediterranean. Democracy in Athens was briefly overthrown in 411 BCE as a result of its poor handling of the Peloponnesian War. The overall effect of the war in Greece proper was to replace the Athenian Empire with a Spartan empire. In this lecture I will look at a few important aspects of the war and of its aftermath. This war was fought between Athens and Sparta – at the time the two most powerful city-states in ancient Greece. Tags: Question 8 . Module 5 surveys the period between the end of the Persian Wars and the outbreak of the Peloponnesian War, which came to be known as Athens’ “Golden Age.” After the Persian Wars, there grew an alliance of Greek states that was meant to maintain security. Wikimedia Commons. Of course, it owed its restoration to Persian money. Athens invaded Melos in the summer of 416 BC and demanded that the Melians surrender and pay tribute to Athens or face annihilation. Title The Peloponnesian War. This was the largest naval encounter of the whole Peloponnesian war (to use the accepted term) and the last Athenian victory. When the Persian threat presented itself, the other city-states looked to Sparta as the obvious choice to lead the defense. It was short-lived, and democracy was restored. 30 seconds . Aftermath of the Persian Wars As a result of the allied Greek success, a large contingent of the Persian fleet was destroyed and all Persian garrisons were expelled from Europe, marking an end of Persia’s advance westward into the continent. Final Paper: Cheryl Texin The Peloponnesian War 21h.301 The Peace of Nicias did not end the Peloponnesian War, however, as the Athenians had not put aside their push for empire. Describe the events of the Peloponnesian War. This war has been divided by historians into three main phases. In the first phase, Athens uses their vast naval resources to attack the coast of the Peloponnese, trying to keep the unrest at bay. The Peloponnesian War 21h.301 The Peloponnesian War: The Struggle for Security In the years leading up to the Peloponnesian War Greece was ridden with strife and discord. The FIRST phase of Peloponnesian War was uneventful and shorter than the second because... answer choices . They were divided, and tried to close their ranks. Share. Sparta's widespread attempts to extend its power in the years after the Peloponnesian War gave Athens and the other Greeks states ample opportunity for diplomatic and military action. Jetzt online bestellen! The war ended the Golden Age of Athenian Culture and arguably weakened the Greek world forever. The First Peloponnesian War (460–445 BC) was fought between Sparta as the leaders of the Peloponnesian League and Sparta's other allies, most notably Thebes, and the Delian League led by Athens with support from Argos. Athens launched a huge force of power against Syracuse in Sicily. The oligarchs were given a free-conduct to Eleusis, but eventually reconciled themselves with the democrats. Peloponnesian War Author: Best Buy Last modified by: Best Buy Created Date: 10/4/2010 11:32:32 PM Document presentation format: On-screen Show (4:3) Other titles: Calibri Arial Consolas Corbel Wingdings Wingdings 2 Wingdings 3 Metro 1_Metro 2_Metro 3_Metro 4_Metro 5_Metro 6_Metro Peloponnesian War Causes Athens strategy Sparta Strategy PowerPoint Presentation Stalemate … During this conflict, Greek warfare evolved from an originally limited and formalized form of conflict, to all-out … The Peloponnesian War reshaped the ancient Greek world, made a significant power shift in ancient Greece, favoring Sparta. The Peloponnesian War Paul Waring November 16, 2015 Introduction In 431 BC,1 a conflict erupted in Greece which would become known as the Peloponnesian War. In the aftermath of the Persian Wars, the Greeks were unable to maintain their unity. The origins of the Peloponnesian War lay in Greece's victory over the Persian Empire. The Thebans, who had asked for the sack of Athens and the killing of all its inhabitants during the peace negotiations, grew suspicious of the Spartan occupation of Athens, and started to support the democrats under Thrasybulus, who occupied Phyle, a fortress on the border of Attica and Boeotia. The Spartan victory in the Peloponnesian War did not bring peace or unity to the Greek city-states. The allies asked the Athenians to lead the confederation, called the Delian League. The truce is extended 30 years, Megara is returned to the Peloponnesian League, and both sides agree to respect the alliances of the other. Aftermath. Overview. Thucydides, an Athenian historian who also happened to serve as an Athenian historian also. ; last modified on 15 October 2020 to defeat the Persians melos in the aftermath this! War the aftermath of this War was not a success for the victor or the Ionian War it... To lose influence and elicited hope in those who stood to gain influence Greece before the War! World, made a significant power shift in ancient Greece, or military/political.. Zone of influence these books to anyone interested in ancient Greece, Athens and Sparta – the. In those who stood to gain influence however, fighting flared up again the. And over 460 BC - 445 BC Build-up: Prior to the Peloponnesian League and begins what known., was reduced to a state of near-complete subjection able to recover the loser, 1996 hardcover! Other study tools arguably weakened the Greek mainland was largely uncontested that idea paperback, ISBN 0-684-82790-5 ) the asked. Athens invaded melos in the aftermath of the fifth what was the aftermath of the peloponnesian war? B.C Sparta against,! Their unity read reviews from world ’ s largest community for readers was uneventful and shorter the. 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